What is glaucoma?
What are the symptoms of glaucoma?
Is glaucoma dangerous?
How can this disease be diagnosed?
Does the treatment last for a limited time or for life?
What are the necessary examinations and modern methods to diagnose and follow-up glaucoma patient?
Visual field examination: This examination aims to know the sensitivity of the retina and the optic nerve at each point of the visual field. This examination is carried out by modern computer-powered devices that analyze the results of the examination to determine the extent of the functional impact of the optic nerve by glaucoma.
Optical coherence tomography of the retinal cells and optic nerve (OCT): recently, the optic nerve can be imaged to measure the thickness of the nerve fibers, to determine the extent to which the cells of the retina and the optic nerve are affected by glaucoma.
How can this disease be treated?
The treatment methods differ according to the eye pressure, optic nerve damage, and the patient’s response to the treatment
Treatment methods are of two types:
Medical treatment with drops that reduce intraocular pressure by reducing the secretion of aqueous fluid inside the eye in order to match the rate of formation with the rate of filtration, and thus the intraocular pressure is regulated.
Surgical treatment by filtration surgeries or implantation of valves to regulate intraocular pressure.